Reading practice: ”by any means necessary”


Read the text below carefully and answer the questions here.

Salaam Alaikum, Mr. Moderator, our distinguished guests, brothers and sisters, our friends and our enemies, everybody who’s here.

[1]As many of you know, last March when it was announced that I was no longer in the Black Muslim movement, it was pointed out that it was my intention to work among the 22 million non-Muslim Afro-Americans and to try and form some type of organisation[…] And that we would have some kind of meeting and determine at a later date whether to form a black nationalist party or a black nationalist army.

[2] There have been many of our people across the country from all walks of life who have taken it upon themselves to try and pool their ideas and to come up with some kind of solution to the problem that confronts all of our people. And tonight we are here to try and get an understanding of what it is they’ve come up with.

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Eyewitness: source analysis

Task 1:  (Individual). Write a description of everything you can see in picture A. Use as much detail as possible. When you don’t know the technical name for something, find a way to describe it in your own words. (2 minutes)

Picture A (click to enlarge)


Task 2: (Discuss with your neighbour.) Pictures A and B show the opening of the British parliament and the Swedish riksdag. What are some similarities and differences? What do the two pictures tell us about Swedish and British political traditions.

Picture B


Task 3: (Discuss with your neighbour). Compare the scenes in pictures C and D. When and where do you think that they were taken? What is going on?

Picture C


Picture D


Task 4: (individual) Write a short paragraph comparing either picture A and B or pictures C and D. Use some of the ideas we have discussed during the lesson and your own knowledge.


Reading poetry

Today we will be taking a closer look at a couple of the poems we listened to on Monday, and exploring ways to write and talk about poetry.

My first piece of advice is to remember that poetry is often ambiguous (it can mean different things) and paradoxical (it expresses ideas or emotions that seem to contradict  each other). So when you are reading, if you come across a word or line or whole verse that seems a little confusing, don’t worry too much about pinning down exactly what it really means. Weirdness, ambivalence, mixed emotions, might have been exactly what the author was aiming for.

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Art of Persuasion 3

Today you will be working in groups to analyse a short speech or extract.

Each group will give a presentation to the class, covering the following points:

  1. What is the speaker’s aim or objective?
  2. What techniques does the speaker use?
  3. What ideals or principles does the speaker appeal to?
  4. In what ways is the speech similar or different to others we have watched/read

Malcolm X, at the Organisation of African Union founding rally in Harlem, 1964. (Full text) 

Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Message to the people of America on the partition of India, 1947.

Olof Palme, Christmas 1972 broadcast in response to the US bombing of Hanoi, North Vietnam.

Joseph Goebbels, 1943 speech to Nazi party rally at the Berlin Sportpalast (also broadcast on national radio). (Full text)



Martian debate


You are going to hold a debate on the topic ”This house would send a manned mission to mars”.

You will have three minutes each to speak.

You can use the research you have done so far on this topic. There is also a good list of pro/con arguments here.

You should plan your arguments together with the other speakers from your team so that you do not contradict each other or repeat each other’s points. Remember to decide which order you are going to speak in. 

When you are preparing, try to use some of the techniques we have discussed in class.

  • Clear structure: introductionargument 1argument 2argument 3conclusion
  • Varied tone: write performance notes like LOUD or CALM or ANGRY  so you remember
  • Story-telling
  • Appeal to hope
  • Appeal to fear
  • Slogan/catch-phrase: coordinate with your team-mates
  • Evidence – data, statistics, quotations from authorities

I recommend you do NOT try to write out a speech word-for word: write out your opening and closing sentences, but use brief bullet point notes for the rest.

During the debate, make sure to listen to what the other side is saying and take notes so that you can respond during your speech.


Eyewitness 2

Task 1:  Write a description of everything you can see in picture A and picture B. Use as much detail as possible.

Task 2: Using the ideas we came up with in our class discussion, write 10-15 lines comparing the two pictures and what they tell us about Swedish and British political traditions.

Task 3 (if you finish early): Compare the scenes in pictures C and D. When and where do you think that they were taken? What is going on?

Picture A (click to enlarge)


Picture B


Picture C


Picture D



Writing and editing skills

1.Grammar – present continuous
The ”-ing” tense, also known as the present progressive. It is mostly used:
– for currently ongoing actions
Not now, I’m eating my lunch.
– for intended future actions
I’m meeting him at the pub after work.
It is NOT used for habitual, repeated actions
Every day I’m meeting him at the pub after work
We will do a short quiz to check our knowledge of the present continuous.
2. Punctuation
Clear punctuation makes the reader’s job much easier. If you aren’t sure which punctuation to use, it can help to read out loud.
Add punctuation to the following paragraph:

I climbed over the railing again and kicked the French window in used my hat for a glove and pulled out most of the lower small pane of glass I could now reach in and draw a bolt that fastened the window to the sill the rest was easy there was no top bolt the catch gave I climbed in and pulled the drapes off my face neither of the two people in the room paid any attention to the way I came in although only one of them was dead

Raymond Chandler, ‘

3. Improving your analysis
Summarising the plot or premise of the book.
Keep it concise! Choose the most important points.
It’s been 80 years since the war. The aliens, or as most people call them, buggers, lost. A second war is inevitable but this time the humans lack the great general Mazer Rackham whowon them the war last time. In the story we follow a boy called Ender. He has to make a choice between his family and ordinary life, or join a battle school and help humanity win against the buggers.
Comparative analysis:
Ender’s siblings, Valentine and Peter play a much bigger role in the book than in the movie. In the movie all you see of them is at the beginning and when Valentine meets Ender after he has come back to Earth, while in the book they basically take over the entire world. You miss out on so much: Peter getting help from Valentine even though she does not trust him, Valentine playing a role she does not agree with and her dad agreeing with the things she writes. You get to read about how she struggles to not becomethat person, as Mr Scott Card nicely puts it: “Perhaps it’s impossible to wear an identity without becoming what you pretend to be”.
I was first introduced to “The Ender” universe when I watched the movies and I really enjoyed it, but compared to the book they are very dull. The book is much better than the movie because we learn more about Ender and that’s really important when it’s about such a complex character as Ender. The biggest different in my opinion between the book and the movie is Ender’s psychological health: in the movie he is just a lonely guy, but in the book it’sa lot more complex, he is almost depressed at one point. At the end of his training he wants to quit. This is something we never see in the movie and when we first meet Mazer Rackham he tells Ender that he is going to break him down, it really sets a tonefor the situation Ender is in. when even his trainer is going to break him down just to see if he is “the one”.
Jesper H.
“Ender, the best you can do is choose to fill the roles given you by good people, by people who love you.”
I think she is explaining to Ender her view of a human life. She is telling him that he must look through the fact that people have used his life. Ender wishes he could be totally free, but in the end he knows that they all must serve someone. He chooses to serve the bugger because he wants to know the path they have set out for him.
4. Activity: Editing and redrafting

Choose one paragraph from your reading journal that could be improved in any of the following ways:cartoon2bof2bday-editor

  • correct grammar
  • correct punctuation
  • more concise description
  • better use of quotation
  • comparison with other books/films
  • response to critics

Post the original and improved paragraphs in the comments, clearly labeled Before and After.

The Art of Persuasion 2

A closer look at JFK’s “Moon speech”

In todays class we will take a closer look at JFK’s 1962 speech at Rice University, where he defended the goal of putting a man on the moon.

Step 1

Register an account  by following the link below:

Step 2

Click the confirmation link in the email to activate your account

Step 3.

Click the link below to the transcript of Kennedy’s speech:

Step 4. Get annotating!

  • What rhetorical devices does Kennedy use?
  • How does he respond to opposing arguments?
  • What ideas and ideals does he appeal to?  (You can use some ideas from your study of ideologies in samhällskunskap)

List of rhetorical devices:

Video of the full speech:

(In retrospect, we tend to imagine that everybody was behind the Apollo program. It’s worth remembering that some people saw things differently.)

Homework assignment:

Video yourself making a short speech (2-3 miniutes) on your chosen topic. Use some of the persuasive techniques we have discussed in class.

Upload the completed speech to the TE15 youtube channel  (You should have received an invitation in your school mail to manage the youtube channel. If you have problems, you can upload to my google drive folder instead.)