In this case you will have the opportunity to:
- Search for relevant information
- Question the credibility and reliability of different sources
- Discuss to develop arguments
- Write an argumentative presentation
- Discuss environmental issues in general and draw comparisons between different countries, based on your knowledge and experience.
What do you think are the biggest issues facing our environment? Why?
What does the phrase ”think globally, act locally”, tell you?
Town hall meeting – the case
You will be divided into groups of three. You are all members of a small Wyoming town which has been chosen for ”fracking”. You have invited the governor of your state to your town hall to try to convince him that he should not allow fracking in your county.
In the group:
Based on the film and on the texts linked below discuss how you best can convince the governor to change his/her mind.
- Watch the film (First class)
- Read texts. (Revisit the film, if needed) (Second class)
- List arguments and evidence. Draft argument. (Make sure to have 3-5 strong arguments that you can base on evidence) HAND IN DRAFTS AS A POST! (Third class)
- Individually write a manuscript for your speech. Help each other out! (Fourth class) Submit manuscript.
- TOWN HALL MEETING. Come prepared and dressed for the occasion! You are the one who can save you community from disaster! (Sixth class)
Devil’s Advocate (optional)
You are a representative of Halliburton. You have come to the town hall to hold a speech where you try to convince the citizens of this community of the benefits of fracking and gas.
As above, but you must find your own evidence. This is a VERY difficult task.
Analysis and discussion of documentary
Before you watch the film, read the questions below. Try to have them at the back of your mind while watching the film and then jot down notes on each question.
- What do you learn from this film? What does it make you think?
- What do you experience in terms of emotions when watching this film? What does the film make you feel? Why?
- Is the information in the film supported by sources? What kind of sources? How reliable is the information in the film?
- This film, of course, has noble purposes, but it is also trying to inform, convince and persuade us. How is the documentary designed to persuade or even entertain us? Is there a clear line between information and entertainment?
Here you will find texts that will give you all the information you need to protect your community and convince politicians and law-makers. This text gives information on how you can take action. This text gives you information on the dangerous side-effects of fracking. Together they give you all the information you need to develop a convincing argument.
Evaluating credibility of sources
An oral argument has an introduction where you adress your audience.
You state your opinion and give reasons for it. You can start with an anecdote also. This can touch the emotions of the listener!
You should have 3-5 arguments in your overall argument.
CLAIM + EVIDENCE
Claim Flight attendants who suffer from diseases shown to be connected to inhaling secondhand smoke on airlines for at least five years before 1995 should have the costs of their treatment and disability covered by tobacco companies.
EVIDENCE Tobacco companies have concealed evidence that nicotine causes cancer. Studies show that secondhand smoke can be damaging.
- Claim – an opinion or idea, often an oppositional claim exists
- Evidence/Reason – a reason why the claim is a “good idea”
Punchline or appeal or end as you started.